The following are generic numbers, i.e. the C major chord is made from the R-3-5 intervals of the C major scale. R = the 1 note. The F major chord is made from the R-3-5 intervals of the F major scale. Major chords have the same generic structure you just change the specific notes of the scale to get the specific chord or scale you want.
• Major Triad = R-3-5
• Minor Triad = R-b3-5
• Diminished Chord = R-b3-b5
• Maj7 = R-3-5-7
• Minor 7 = R-b3-5-b7
• Dominant 7 = R-3-5-b7
• ½ diminished = R-b3-b5-b7
• Full diminished = R-b3-b5-bb7
• Major Scale = R-2-3-4-5-6-7 Home base
• Major Pentatonic = R-2-3-5-6 Leave out the 4 & 7
• Natural Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-b6-b7 Major scale with the 3, 6 & 7 flatted.
• Minor Pentatonic = R-b3-4-5-b7 Leave out the 2 & 6.
• Blues = R-b3-4-b5-5-b7 Minor pentatonic with the blue note b5 added.
• Harmonic Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-b6-7 Natural minor with a natural 7.
• Melodic Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-6-7 Major scale with a b3.
All the fog went away when I realized the structure
of chords and scales are generic.
All we need is a generic box pattern. Place the root and let the pattern bring the correct notes
to our finger tips.