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Thread: Interval names

  1. #1
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    Interval names

    I been studying about musical intervals am I correct on this....

    Ionian:
    1= Root
    2nd = Major second
    3rd = Major third
    4th = Perfect fourth
    5th = Perfect fifth
    6th = Major sixth
    7th = Major seventh
    8th = Octave

    Dorian
    1 = Root
    2nd = Major second
    b3 = Minor third
    4th = Perfect fourth
    5th = Perfect fifth
    6th = Major sixth
    b7 = Minor seventh
    8th = Octave

    Phrygian
    1 = Root
    b2 = Minor second
    b3 = Minor third
    4th = Perfect fourth
    5th = Perfect fifth
    b6 = Minor sixth
    b7th = Minor seventh
    8th = Octave

    Lydian
    1 = Root
    2nd = Major Second
    3rd = Major third
    #4 = Sharp fourth
    5th = Perfect fifth
    6th = Major sixth
    7th = Major Seventh
    8th = Octave

    Mixolydian
    1 = Root
    2nd = Major Second
    3rd = Major third
    4th = Perfect fourth
    5th = Perfect fifth
    6th = Major sixth
    b7 = Minor seventh
    8th = Octave

    Locrian
    1 = Root
    b2 = Minor Second
    b3 = Minor third
    4th = perfect fourth
    b5 = Diminished fifth
    b6 = Minor sixth
    b7 = Minor seventh
    8th = Octave

    I was just surprised to see locrian had a perfect fourth!?
    Last edited by dwest2419; 07-16-2012 at 03:10 AM.

  2. #2
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    I see one mistake: Phrygian should have a b7.

  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by borge View Post
    I see one mistake: Phrygian should have a b7.
    Thanks

  4. #4
    Registered User Malcolm's Avatar
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    I never did learn how to put your method into use, here is what I use. Offered for what it is worth.

    Code:
    Major Scale Box Pattern
    
    E|---7---|--R(8)-|-------|---2---| 1st string
    B|-------|---5---|-------|---6---|
    G|---2---|-------|---3---|---4---| 
    D|---6---|-------|---7---|--R(8)-|
    A|---3---|---4---|-------|---5---|
    E|-------|---R---|-------|---2---| 6th string 
    Place the root and the other intervals (scale degrees) are always
    in the same spot waiting on you.  
    
    Want the 3rd interval it's always up a string and back one
    fret - from the root.  Want the 5th its up a string and over two frets, or 
    just below the R.  The 6th is over the 3.  The 8 is over the 5, etc.


    Scales
    • Major Scale = R-2-3-4-5-6-7 Home base
    • Major Pentatonic = R-2-3-5-6 Leave out the 4 & 7
    • Natural Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-b6-b7 Major scale with the 3, 6 & 7 flatted.
    • Minor Pentatonic = R-b3-4-5-b7 Leave out the 2 & 6.
    • Blues = R-b3-4-b5-5-b7 Minor pentatonic with the blue note b5 added.
    • Harmonic Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-b6-7 Natural minor with a natural 7.
    • Melodic Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-6-7 Major scale with a b3.
    Let the major scale be your home base then change a few notes and you have something different. No need to memorize a zillion patterns. Let the major scale pattern be your go to pattern - then adapt/adjust from there.

    Major modes
    • Ionian same as the Major Scale.
    • Lydian use the major scale and sharp the 4 - yes, it’s that simple.
    • Mixolydian use the major scale and flat the 7. Change one note.....
    Minor Modes
    • Aeolian same as the Natural Minor scale.
    • Dorian use the Natural Minor scale and sharp the b6 back to a natural 6. Change one note.
    • Phrygian use the Natural Minor scale and flat the 2. Again change one note.
    • Locrian use the Natural Minor scale and flat the 2 and the 5. OK here you have to change two notes.

    This I can use. I was not able to connect the dots with naming them major or minor, perfect, etc. Now that I have spent some time with your method. I see that it's just names.

    If R-2-b3-4-5-6-b7 helps - help yourself to scale degrees.

    Good luck which ever way you elect to go.
    Last edited by Malcolm; 07-16-2012 at 12:52 PM.

  5. #5
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    Aeolian
    1 = Root
    2nd = Major second
    b3rd = Minor third
    4th = Perfect fourth
    5th = Perfect fifth
    b6 = Minor sixth
    b7 = Minor seventh
    8th = Octave

    If forgot about Aeolian

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