1. Learn tonal harmony and how to harmonize the melody by ear

2. Identify the temporary tonic chords in your song

3. Establish a separate chord progression that resolves to each temporary tonic - this chord progression is for improvisational purposes only

4. Learn which tones are appropriate for a specific chord and which tones are to be avoided (because they unintentionally change the harmony for that chord)

5. Start noodling around with those improvisational tones and connecting them from chord to chord. the set of allowed tones changes with each chord

6. learn to establish target tones, either against the key or the changes

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Jazz Educator
http://www.michael--martinez.com/music/